East Penn Township
The population was 2,461 at the 2010 census.
The township is located in the southern corner of Carbon County and is bordered by Lehigh County to the south and Schuylkill County to the west. Older USGS topographic maps show the township in a region known as the Mahoning Hills, a geologically chaotic series of hilltops surmounting a long upland more cyclic in altitude than nearby valley bottoms. The township is drained by the Lehigh River, which flows along its northeastern boundary, with the largest tributary in the township being Lizard Creek. The southern boundary of the township follows the crest of Blue Mountain, a prominent ridge that runs across the eastern half of the state and reaches an elevation of 1,680 feet (510 m) in this area. The northern boundary runs near the broader and lower crest of Mahoning Mountain, elevation 1,150 feet (350 m). The valley floor of the township varies in elevation from 480 to 650 feet (150 to 200 m). Villages in the township include Ashfield, Germans, and West Bowmans.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 22.9 square miles (59.2 km2), of which 22.7 square miles (58.8 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.59%, is water.
Pennsylvania Route 895 crosses the township from southwest to northeast after crossing the southern tier of Schuylkill County and ends at an interchange with Route 248 across the Lehigh River in Bowmanstown.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,461 people, 947 households, and 733 families residing in the township. The population density was 109.8 people per square mile (42.4/km²). There were 996 housing units at an average density of 44.4/sq mi (17.2/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 98.82% White, 0.20% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.45% from other races, and 0.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.
There were 947 households, out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.1% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were non-families. 18.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the township the population was spread out, with 21.7% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $42,147, and the median income for a family was $47,446. Males had a median income of $32,297 versus $20,459 for females. The per capita income for the township was $17,545. About 1.0% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.